Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad

# Frequently Asked Questions Fama French and Momentum Factors Data Library for Indian Market

This page provides answers to some Frequently Asked Questions on the Data Library. Please also read the Working Paper which describes the methodology.

Why does the data in Table 4 of the working paper not match with the data values in the data file provided on the website?

The data given in the data library is proportional returns and the table (Table 4) in the paper gives the corresponding logarithmic returns (as mentioned in the table notes). The July 2014 data release can be reconciled with the Table in the paper (except for the rounding) by converting between proportional and logarithmic returns. For example, 21.4% proportional return Rm in 1994 (as per the library) corresponds to 19.4% logarithmic return Rm in the paper:

• exp(19.4/100) = 1.214
• ln(1.214) = 0.194
Can the Fama French model be used for the performance evaluation of mutual funds and exchange traded funds (ETFs)?

Yes, four factor model has been used to evaluate performance of mutual funds. The first paper to do this was: Mark M Carhart (1997), “On Persistence in Mutual Fund Performance”, Journal of Finance, 52(1), 57-82.

What is the source of risk-free rate?

The risk-free returns are taken from the annualized yields of new issuances of 91-day Treasury Bills, provided by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The daily risk-free returns are calculated from the annual yields, by assuming 250 trading days in the one year forward period. The monthly and yearly values, given in the dataset, are arrived by aggregating the daily risk-free returns over the number of actual trading days in the period. The calculation of daily risk-free returns from the annual yields and its later conversion to monthly and yearly values, however, induces a downward bias in the figures of year 1993, where the actual number of trading days is lower than the assumed figure of 250.

Are the returns given in the annual data of 1993 for the full-year?

Our annual data for the year 1993 covers only the October – December quarter. Hence, the returns only represent the quarterly figures as they are not annualized. Except for the year 1993, all the annual return figures are for the full year periods.

Which of the return frequencies among the annual, monthly and daily is most appropriate for research?

We would recommend the use of the daily data, which can be aggregated to any desired interval such as weekly, monthly, quarterly etc.

Why do we sometimes observe changes in the past returns after the data is updated to include the last month?

This happens when the CMIE updates the past data, mostly financial data related to corporate actions. For instance, on 1 March 2015, CMIE corrected the bonus ratio of one Indian company to 1:2 from 5:1, for its bonus issue in June 2005.